Soil Stiffness Constitutive Model Parameters formodulus, stiffness, stiffness reduction ABSTRACT Soil stiffness constitutive model parameters are required when investigating and/or modeling stress related deformations in geotechnical problems The seismic dilatometer test (SDMT) can be used to determine various stiffness related parameters This paper discusses utilizing SDMT to determine the.Rock mechanical propertiesModulus of Elasticity of Rock Modulus of elasticity of rocks depend upon several factors, such as, Type of rock Porosity Grain size Water content Value of modulus of elasticity can be determined by static or dynamic methods Higher value of modulus of elasticity indicates good quality rock having sound composition Typical values of modulus of [,].NHI 05 037Note that the E BS values are not only functions of moisture, but also of stress state θ, which in turn is a function of the pavement structure ie, subgrade modulus and thickness of the surface layer Typical values of θ recommended in the 1993 AASHTO Guide for use in.Crain's Petrophysical HandbookThe best known elastic constants are the bulk modulus of compressibility, Young's Modulus (elastic modulus), and Poisson's Ratio The dynamic elastic constants can be derived with appropriate equations, using sonic log compressional and shear travel time along with density log data.DEFORMABILITY PROPERTIES OF ROCKS AND ROCK MASSESwhere K is called the bulk modulus Note that G and K are related to E and < as follows 22 Dynamic Elastic Constants The Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio and shear modulus can be determined by dynamic methods Dynamic elastic properties are obtained by rapid application of stress to a rock.ELASTIC PROPERTIES AND POROSITY4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 02 04 06 08 1 Bulk Modulus (GPa) Porosity SOLID GLASS Frame Supported Foam Disintegrated Foam Honeycomb Structure A critical porosity value exists which is typical for a given class of porous materials Each class is defined on the basis of common mineralogy and/or diagenetic porosity reduction.LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS OF POROELASTIC25 Pore pressure sensitivity to the shear modulus and Poisson's ratio 91 , 112 Best Fit values of the bulk compressibilities for Indiana limestone 48 , isotropic rock which has many grain to grain contacts and microcracks, Berea sandstone, and for comparison, a well cemented uncracked rock.

#### Density

The porosity, , is the fractional pore volume of a rock (for example the black zone in the cross section of a sedimentary rock to the right) The total mass of a volume of rock, V T, is made up of the mass of the pore fluid, of density d f, plus the mass of the matrix minerals of density d ma The density measured is the bulk density d b The.

Bulk Modulus What is it? When is it ImportantThe term bulk modulus usually means the reciprocal of compressibility and defines the slope of the curve when plotted against specific volume, Figure 1 Because specific volume is dimensionless, units of bulk modulus are the same as pressure — psig (bar, Pa, N/m 2) Thus, the bulk modulus is a measure of resistance to compressibility of a flu.NHI 05 037Figure 5 13 Schematic of stabilometer test setup for measuring R value (Yoder and Witczak, 1975) 543 Elastic (Resilient) Modulus Pavement thickness design prior to the 1986 AASHTO Design Guide was based on experience, soil classification, and the plastic response of pavement materials to static load, eg, Marshall stability for asphalt concrete and CBR for unbound materials.Elastic properties of common sedimentary rock formingElastic properties of common sedimentary rock forming minerals From SubSurfWiki Jump to navigation, search Bulk modulus 10 9 Pa Shear modulus 10 9 Pa Density, g/cm 3; Solid quartz 37 44 265 Feldspar (ave) 375 15 262 Plagioclase 76 26 263 Clay variable*.Poisson's ratioThe Poisson's ratio of a stable, isotropic, linear elastic material must be between −10 and +05 because of the requirement for Young's modulus, the shear modulus and bulk modulus to have positive valu Most materials have Poisson's ratio values ranging between 00 and 05.Bulk ModulusThe formula for bulk modulus is (1) Where V = initial volume, dP = change in pressure, dV = change in volume K can be alternatively calculated if the Youngs Modulus (also known as the Modulus of Elasticity) and the Poisson’s Ratio of the material are known Here, (2) Where E = Youngs Modulus and = Poisson’s Ratio Bulk Modulus of.Elastic properties of common sedimentary rock formingElastic properties of common sedimentary rock forming minerals From SubSurfWiki Jump to navigation, search Bulk modulus 10 9 Pa Shear modulus 10 9 Pa Density, g/cm 3; Solid quartz 37 44 265 Feldspar (ave) 375 15 262 Plagioclase 76 26 263 Clay variable*.Bulk Modulus What is it? When is it ImportantThe term bulk modulus usually means the reciprocal of compressibility and defines the slope of the curve when plotted against specific volume, Figure 1 Because specific volume is dimensionless, units of bulk modulus are the same as pressure — psig (bar, Pa, N/m 2) Thus, the bulk modulus is a measure of resistance to compressibility of a flu.

#### Stiffness of Clays and Silts Normalizing Shear Modulus

Stiffness of Clays and Silts Normalizing Shear Modulus and Shear Strain P J Vardanega, PhD, MASCE1; and M D Bolton, PhD2 Abstract An analysis is presented of a database of 67 tests on 21 clays and silts of undrained shear stress strain data of ﬁne grained soils.

Stress strain relationships in rocksThe effect of Poisson's ratio is one of the parameters used for the calculation of modulus value in an in situ test Sharma and Singh (1989) found that it is not much variation in the values of the deformation modulus if the value of the Poisson's ratio is between 01 and 035.Chapter 2 Principles of Drilling and ExcavationThis chapter covers the principles of drilling and excavation, both , bulk modulus, Poisson’s ratio, bulk compressibility, grain or matrix compressibility, etc They define rock elastic deformation; , Their values for some typical rocks are listed in Table 1.Bulk Modulus101142 Bulk modulus Bulk modulus is the measure of the decrease in volume with an increase in pressure The “modulus of elasticity” of a liquid varies widely, depending on the specific gravity and temperature of the liqu Typical values are less than 30,000 psi.NEGATIVE POISSON’S IN AUXETIC FOAMS COMMON ELASTICFLUIDS YOUNG'S MODULUS (E) A L 0 L F E ' ' This modulus reflects the stiffness of earth materials E is the ratio of stress to strainIf our aim is to lengthen or shorten a rock without actually breaking it, the greater the value of.Soil Profile TypeRock, either shale like or crystalline in nature 2 Stiff clays or dense sands and gravels where the depth to bedrock is less than 200 ft , Typical values of initial shear Modulus Page 82 FHWA SA 97 076 Type of Soil Initial Shear Modulus, Gmax (tsf) Soft Clays 287 1436 Firm Clays 72 360.